v1.0.20200701 – initial release

v2.0.20240205 – release of extended edition


Acknowledgements and Contributions

Thank you to Kathryn Person, Gene Keselman, Irina Franklin, Malvika V. Miller, and Mariemma Miller for reviewing drafts of this article. Thank you to the many entrepreneurs, investors, and researchers who shared their time and experiences with me as I was putting together this work.


The author does not own shares in the companies mentioned in these articles.

“…but deep down, don’t you feel it, too? ‘Maybe someday’ is just today waiting for a nudge.”


The End Effector

Net proceeds from The End Effector are given to foundations, initiatives, and charities advancing interdisciplinary sciences.